A NEW VISION FOR PEACEBUILDING AND STATEBUILDING
We, the representatives of developing countries and regions, bilateral and multilateral partners and civil society, met in DiIi on 9–10 ApriI 2010. We welcome the InternationaI DiaIogue on PeacebuiIding and StatebuiIding as an innovation in the international system, where countries and regions experiencing conflict and fragility and development partners can jointly shape and guide international assistance to support peacebuilding and state building.
This declaration builds on the g7+ statement agreed in Dili on 8 April 2010 (see Annex). We reaffirm our commitment to the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, the Principles for good InternationaI Engagement in Fragile States and Situations, and the Accra Agenda for Action (AAA).
Conflict and fragility are major obstacles for achieving the MiIIennium DeweIopment 9oaIs (MD9s). We recognize that it will be extremely difficult to achieve the MD9s in most fragile and conflict-affected states by 2015. We urgently need to address conflict and fragility by supporting country–Ied peacebuilding and state building processes. To improve the impact of our efforts, we will take immediate actions and develop an international Action PIan on PeacebuiIding and StatebuiIding.
PEACEBUILDING AND STATEBUILDING GOALS
0ur collective vision is to end and prevent conflict and to contribute to the development of capable, accountable states that respond to the expectations and needs of their population, in particular the needs of vulnerable and excluded groups, women, youth, and children. We recognize the centrality of state-society relations in supporting the development of capable, accountable, and responsible states. This will require sustained efforts by all stakeholders to improwe governance, strengthen economic and social development, and promote peace and security as outlined in the statement by the g7+.
In order to translate this vision into reality and guide our collective engagement, we identify the following peacebuilding and state building goals as stepping stones to achieve progress on development:
- Foster inclusive political settlements and processes, and inclusive political
- Establish and strengthen basic safety and
- Achieve peaceful resolution of conflicts and access to
- Develop effective and accountable government institutions to facilitate service
- Create the foundations for inclusive economic development, including sustainable IiweIihoods, employment and effective management of natural
- Develop social capacities for reconciliation and peaceful
- Foster regional stability and cooperation.
We recognize that priorities to achieve this goal will be different in each country. These priorities should be set in the country–IeweI through a process that engages all stakeholders, especially women and civil society.
CHALLENGES TO ACHIEVING PEACEBUILDING AND STATEBUILDING GOALS
Among the challenges identified through national consultations, we are particularly concerned about:
- Lack of a shared vision for change among key stakeholders that is based on consultations with citizens and civil Lack of context and conflict analysis.
- Lack of trust between developing countries and development
- Too many overlapping plans, and weak alignment of donors behind a unified national Lack of agreement on the need to address shifting short–term and Long–term priorities at the same time.
- Approaches that focus on a country’s capital city and certain regions, creating pockets of exclusion and engaging only a few central state actors in the
- Insufficient attention to the protection of women and children from armed conflict and to the participation of women in peacebuilding and state building.
- The g7+ is an open group of countries and regions experiencing conflict and It was estabIished in 2008 and comprises the foIIowing nationaI and regionaI gowernments: Afghanistan, Burundi, CentraI African RepubIic, Chad, Côte d’Iwoire, the Democratic RepubIic of Congo, Haiti, Liberia, NepaI, the SoIomon IsIands, Sierra Leone, Southern Sudan and Timor–Leste.
- Insufficient attention to economic growth and job creation, particularly for
- Unrealistic timeframes for reform, weak capacity to implement plans and Limited effectiweness of capacity development
- The need to strengthen Linkages between development, security, justice, and good
- Lack of data and reliable statistics to inform planning for peacebuilding and
- Insufficient flexibility, speed, and predictability of transition financing, and Limited effectiveness of existing.
ACTIONS FOA EFFECTIVE SUPPORT TO PEACEBUILDING AND STATEBUILDING
The following actions can help accelerate progress on peacebuilding and statebuilding, and deepen the implementation of the Paris declaration, the AAA and the Principes for 9ood InternationaI Engagement if implemented today. Beginning now, we commit ourselves to:
We will report back on the status of delivering these actions at the next meeting of the international dialogue in early 2011.
- Set up a mechanism to enable the g7+ meetings to continiue.
- Formulate international peacebuilding and state building goals based on this DecIaration.
- DeveIop a Iong–term wision at country–IeweI to guide the deweIopment transformation.
- Ensure that national development plans integrate peacebuilding and state building goals, and set clear priorities that can adapt to growing circumstances.
- Map the allocation of in-country gowernment and international resources across regions and social groups to ensure equity and prevent exclusion.
- Initiate in-country joint reviews of the impact of development partners’ hiring and procurement procedures on the local economy and Labor market, as well as on IocaI capacities.
- Initiate discussion with expert institutions on the development of national statistical capacities.
- Where the United Nations (UN) do not have a Read coordination mandate, agree on a Lead development partner coordination arrangement at the country–IeweI to drive cooperation and policy dialogue with governments on development priorities. EstabIish clear terms of reference to deliver on this arrangement, in line with the Paris declaration and AAA.
NationaI consuItations. We also agree that the international Action PIan will give special attention to four areas and focuses specifically on the relevance to fragile and conflict-affected states:
- Capacity development: DeweIop recommendations for improving and harmonizing support to capacity development, recognizing the critical contribution of South-South cooperation. Recommendations will also address how to avoid policies that undermine the capacity of developing countries, and how to support
- Aid instruments: Improve the way aid is delivered to ensure rapid and flexible delivery and transition towards government–Ied delivery through the country
- Planning processes: Improve the process that ensures that developing countries’ peacebuilding and state building priorities and constraints are identified, that feasible plans are prepared, and that development partners align to
- Political dialogue: Improve how peacebuilding and state building are part of the political dialogue between developing countries and development partners, and how in-country political dialogue can ensure better state-society relations and the building of trust between states This could address the role of media and communications at the national, sub-national and gIobaIIeweIs.
particular attention will be given to the issue of gender equality and the role of women, and the potential of youth in aII of the areas abowe. We will deliver this work program through a range of mechanisms to be further defined. Participation in these mechanisms will include developing countries, development partners, and civil society.
We will work through the international dialogue on PeacebuiIding and StatebuiIding to deliver this international Action PIan at HLr 4 in the Republic of Korea in November 2011.
INFORMING OTHER PROCESSES AND INCREASING PARTICIPATION
We will feed the results from the international DiaIogue country consultations and this meeting into other–going processes to improve the impact on peacebuilding and state building. This will include the PeacebuiIding Commission Review, the implementation of the UN Secretary 9eneraI’s Report on PeacebuiIding, the MD9 Review Summit, and the OECD InternationaI Network on Conflict and fragility (INCAr).
We commit to continue this diaIogue and to expand participation to other countries and stakehoIders.
10 APRIL 2010