The Central African Republic (CAR), a landlocked country located in Central Africa and bordered by six countries, DRC, Republic of Congo, Sudan, South Sudan, Cameroon and Chad. It gained its independence from France in 1960. The country has experienced periods of stability marked by bouts of destabilization and civil war. The most recent conflict, beginning in 2012, involves fighting between the Muslim minority Séléka (“alliance”) rebel groups and loosely organized Christian anti-balaka (“anti-machete”) militias.
A Séléka-led coup in 2013 deposed President François Bozizé, who had been in power since 2003. On 18 April 2013 Michel Djotodia was recognized as the transitional head of government at a regional summit in N’Djamena. After the renewed conflict between the supporters of Francois Bozize and Séléka President Michel Djotodia resigned and this led to the formation of National Transitional Council. The Council elected H.E. Catherine Samba-Panza as interim president in 2014, in advance of scheduled popular elections in 2015.
The Bangui Forum for National Reconciliation, held in May 2015, signified an important step toward peace in CAR. Ten factions of Séléka and anti-balaka signed disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) agreement, and both sides agreed to release all child soldiers under their control. Participants, including civil society and religious groups, also agreed to establish a national truth and reconciliation commission, and set priorities for economic and social development.
|Minister of Planning and International Cooperation Minister of Finance
||H.E. Felix Moloua
|g7+ Focal Point, Director of Multilateral Cooperation
New Deal Implementation
The Central African Republic has been a member of the g7+ since 2010 and has subsequently endorsed the New Deal. A light fragility matrix was produced in early 2015, and provides a basis for further consultations and debate around a full fragility assessment and a New Deal Compact. The g7+ Secretariat participated in the Bangui Peace Forum, and under the mandate of the g7+, CAR has engaged in fragile-to-fragile cooperation with Timor-Leste, another g7+ member.