Details Members Countries

Central African Republic

Overview

Population 5,625,118 (July 2017 est) The World Factbook CIA
Independence August 13, 1960 Independence from France
Languages French (official), Sangho (official)
Form of government Presidential Republic
GDP (2017) $3.395 billion; per capita: $700

 



Background

The Central African Republic (CAR), a landlocked country located in Central Africa and bordered by six countries, DRC, Republic of Congo, Sudan, South Sudan, Cameroon and Chad. It gained its independence from France in 1960. The country has experienced periods of stability marked by bouts of destabilization and civil war. The most recent conflict, beginning in 2012, involves fighting between the Muslim minority Séléka (“alliance”) rebel groups and loosely organized Christian anti-balaka (“anti-machete”) militias.
A Séléka-led coup in 2013 deposed President François Bozizé, who had been in power since 2003. On 18 April 2013 Michel Djotodia was recognized as the transitional head of government at a regional summit in N’Djamena. After the renewed conflict between the supporters of Francois Bozize and Séléka President Michel Djotodia resigned and this led to the formation of National Transitional Council. The Council elected H.E. Catherine Samba-Panza as interim president in 2014, in advance of scheduled popular elections in 2015.
The Bangui Forum for National Reconciliation, held in May 2015, signified an important step toward peace in CAR. Ten factions of Séléka and anti-balaka signed disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) agreement, and both sides agreed to release all child soldiers under their control. Participants, including civil society and religious groups, also agreed to establish a national truth and reconciliation commission, and set priorities for economic and social development.

Government Title Name
President H.E.FaustinArchangeTouadera
Prime Minister H.E. SimpliceSarandji
Minister of Planning and International Cooperation Minister of Finance H.E. Felix Moloua
g7+ Focal Point, Director of Multilateral Cooperation Mr.Bienvenu-HervéKovoungbo

New Deal Implementation

The Central African Republic has been a member of the g7+ since 2010 and has subsequently endorsed the New Deal. A light fragility matrix was produced in early 2015, and provides a basis for further consultations and debate around a full fragility assessment and a New Deal Compact. The g7+ Secretariat participated in the Bangui Peace Forum, and under the mandate of the g7+, CAR has engaged in fragile-to-fragile cooperation with Timor-Leste, another g7+ member.



Governance

Under the new constitutions, the president is elected by universal direct suffrage for a period of 5 years and eligible for a second term. The last presidential election was held in 30 December 2015 with a run off 20 February 2016. The next election will be held in 2020. Faustin-Archange TOUDERA elected President in the second round with 62.7% against Anicet-Georges DOLOGUELE 37.3%. The president appointed Council of Ministers.

The parliament is the unicameral National Assembly. Members are directly elected to five-year terms and currently have 131 seats. It traditionally has 105 members; the National Assembly was dissolved in 2013, and popular elections took place in 2015. The next election will be held in 2021.

Local authorities are appointed by the central government. The interim government and development partners support decentralization, but formalized local governance structures are not yet active.



Socioeconomic Status

CAR’s security situation and limited infrastructure is challenge to social welfare and economic growth. Life expectancy in CAR is among the lowest in the world, and infant and maternal mortality rates are high. Food insecurity and poor access to healthcare are obstacles to productive employment. Ongoing conflict has disrupted the schooling of many school-aged children, and more than as estimated 600,000 people are internally displaced as of October 2017 and approximately 370,000 people have fled to Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and other neighbouring countries.
The National Recovery and Peacebuilding Plan 2017 – 2021. It is outlined three priority pillars and 11 strategic objectives. Pillar 1: Support peace, security and reconciliation. Pillar 2: Renew the social contract between the state and the population, Pillar 3: Promote economic recovery and boost productive sectors. Limited domestic resource mobilization in recent years has prevented achievement of development goals, but the interim government has taken concrete steps to focus domestic and development partner resources on humanitarian assistance and security strengthening.



Investment Climate

CAR has abundant natural resources, offering opportunities for foreign direct investment in the timber industry and diamond industry. CAR was EITI compliant from 2011 to 2013, and will be eligible for compliance again following elections scheduled for 2015. Most of CAR’s population is engaged in subsistence agriculture; the agriculture sector currently generates more than half of the country’s GDP, and with ongoing development, CAR has the potential to become an agriculture exporter.