South Sudan is a landlocked east African country that shares borders with Ethiopia to the east, Kenya to the southeast, Uganda to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the southwest, the Central African Republic to the west, and Sudan to the north. It gained its independence from Sudan on 09 July in 2011, six years after a peace agreement ended Africa’s longest civil war. From 1955 to 1972 and 1983 to 2005, prolonged conflict in Sudan between the central government in Khartoum and quasi-autonomous rural regions led to more than 2.5 million deaths and widespread poverty.
Despite a peaceful secession from Sudan in 2011, South Sudan plunged into crisis in December 2013 amid a political power struggle. Fighting between ethnic factions erupted, resulting in 10,000 deaths and more than two million people displaced. In 2014, the UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan shifted its mandate from statebuilding to civilian protection.
Peace talks were launched in Ethiopia in August 2014 amid continued fighting, but collapsed six months later. Elections planned for June 2015 were called off due to security concerns and delays in ratifying a national constitution. The warring parties signed a peace agreement in August 2015 that created a transitional government of national unity in April 2016. However, in July 2016, fighting broke out in Juba between the two principal signatories, plunging the country back into conflict. In 2018, both parties has sought an open dialogue and reconciliation to end the conflict and the discussion is still continuing.
||H.E. Salva KIIR Mayardit
|First Vice President
||H.E. Taban Deng GAI
|Second Vice President
||H.E. James Wani IGGA
|Minister of Finance and Planning
||H.E. David Deng Athorbei
|g7+ Focal Point
||Mr. Arop Noui, Director for Aid Coordination at the Ministry of Finance and Planning of South Sudan
New Deal Implementation
South Sudan joined the g7+ in 2010 and has endorsed the New Deal. A fragility assessment was completed in 2012, leading to New Deal Compact negotiations, but the process has been suspended until a lasting peace agreement is in place. South Sudan hosted the first g7+ ministerial meeting in 2011.