Timor-Leste, an island nation in Asia pacific, gained independence from Portugal in 1975. The country is located north of Australia and south of the islands of Indonesia; immediately following independence, Timor-Leste was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces. The subsequent fight for independence from Indonesia lasted more than two decades and cost the lives of an estimated one-fourth of Timor-Leste’s population. Amid increasing international pressure, Indonesia agreed to an independence referendum in 1999.
The result, showing overwhelming support for independence, prompted further conflict. More than 1000 people died, hundreds of thousands were displaced, and homes and businesses were destroyed. An international peacekeeping force intervened to restore order, and Timor-Leste became a sovereign state in May 2002.
Following democratic elections, peace was sustained until a spate of civil unrest between 2006 and 2008, marked by an attempted coup and the resignation of the Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri. Upon government request, the UN Security Council and the Australian-led International Stabilization Force deployed more than 1500 personnel to restore peace and security. In December 2012, the UN peacekeeping mission wound down. The government has actively pursued national reconciliation and social and economic reconstruction.
||H.E. Francisco Guterres Lu-Olo
||H.E. Taur Matan Ruak
|Vice Minister of Finance
||H.E. Sara Lobo Brites
|g7+ Focal Point
||Ms. Antonia Suryani, Ministry of Finance
New Deal Implementation
Timor-Leste has been a member of the g7+ since 2010. It is one of seven pilot countries implementing New Deal principles. Timor-Leste completed its first Fragility Assessment in 2012, and is carrying out a second phase assessment in 2015. The country has also engaged in Fragile-to-Fragile (F2F) cooperation with fellow g7+ countries Central African Republic, DRC and Guinea-Bissau, and ebola affected countries (Sierra-Leone, Guinea and Liberia).